Overview

70 years General Plan East: Disposal of a primary source by way of grave academic wrongdoing by the German Research Foundation (pdf.file)

Declaration and asking for pardon of the Berlin Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture on the 60th anniversary of General Plan East, may 28th, 2002, which was not yet handed over to the museums and victims organisations in Poland, the Baltic States, Russia or Ukraine within more than five years:
http://www.agrar.hu-berlin.de/fakultaet/profil/geschichte/gpo_en
http://www.agrar.hu-berlin.de/fakultaet/profil/gpo_en_gif/image_view_fullscreen

 

  1. One man`s fight (by Sorcha O'Hagen In: Ex-Berliner, Nov. 7-20-2002) 

     

  2. Biomedical Sciences and Human Experimentation at Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes - The Auschwitz Connection: Speech of the President of the Max-Planck-Society given on the opening of the Symposium, Berlin-Dahlem, 06/07/01

     

  3. Resolution of the student parliament of the Humboldt University in Berlin, October 25th, 1999

  4. The Nuernberg judgement of March 10, 1948, case VIII

  5. Exhibition project "From the Nobel Prize to the GENERAL PLAN EAST"

  6. Brief comment on the outline of "From the Nobel Prize to the Generalplan Ost (general plan East)"

  7. Request for Moral and Financial Support for the Clarification of Academic Genocide Planning ("General Plan East"; 1939 - 44)

  8. Non-documentation of "Genocide and Forced-Labor Planning" undertaken by Nazis at Berlin University during World War II

  9. Press Declaration: December 10, 1999 Documentation of academic genocide planning twice hold back from the U.S

 


ONE MAN`S FIGHT

By Sorcha O`Hagen

In: Ex-Berliner, Nov.7-20-2002, Issue II

 

Humboldt-University's agricultural scientists have apologized for the genocidal plans of their predecessors during the Third Reich. Matthias Burchard says that`s not enough.

It was only a matter of time, the planners thought in 1941, before the war in the East would be won. By the Germans. And then there would be lots of room for German settlement. The Lebensraum that the Volk so badly needed would be in abundant supply. The new German settlers would need houses, of course, and villages and roads. An empty landscape to redesign: a planner's dream.

Expect that there were already people living there. Un-German people, the experts said; 80 to 95 per cent of the Polish people were not suitable for integration into the new Reich, and would have to be „removed“.

In other words: 25 to 30 million Slaves were destined, had the Nazis won the war, to forced labour or relocation to infertile areas. In either case, they wouldn't have lasted long. The regime made a start in 1942, brutally expelling over 100.000 Polish civilians near Lublin and destroying their villages.

  The spacial plans for this massive ethnic cleansing were created under the leadership of Konrad Meyer-Hetling, Professor for Agriculture at the Berliner Universität (the forerunner of today's Humboldt-University and TU). After the war, Meyer-Hetling was tried at Nuernberg, but acquitted; he and his staff went on to succesful careers in German universities.

Over the past twenty years, much research has been done on the Generalsiedlungsplan, on the role German academics and scientists played in developing Nazi policies, and on the extent to which people – and ideas – migrated from the Third Reich into the universities of post-war Germany.

Recently, too, German organizations have begun to apologize for the roles they played in Nazi crimes. In May this year, the Agricultural Faculty and the HU publicly admitted the part their staff played in the creation of the Generalplan and asked the forgiveness of the victims and their families.

  That they have finally done so may be in large part thanks to the efforts of one Matthias Burchard. The former student of the institute has spent most of the last ten years researching Meyer`s work and campaigning for the university to publicize their involvement and to apologize.

But this is not enough, the campaigner thinks. Something concrete is needed, a plaque, and perhaps a memorial in the city center. And an exhibition about the plans, a proper, professional one drawing tens of thousands of visitors. And an exchange programme with the victims‘ descendants.

In a small exhibition in Lichtenberg, Burchard presents the genesis of the Siedlungsplan, the involvement of Berlin academics, and his ten-year struggle for public discussion of the topic.

His website, presenting his campaign, has been taken off the university server. Because he is no longer a student, they said.

‚60 Jahre „Generalsiedlungsplan“ – Verdrängt und vergessen?‘

Hausgemeinschaft Wönnichstr. 103, Berlin-Lichtenberg, through Nov. 15, admission free.


Biomedical Sciences and Human Experimentation at Kaiser Wilhem Institutes – The Auschwitz Connection

Part of a Speech given by the President of Max-Planck-Society on the Occasion of the Opening of the Symposium, Berlin-Dahlem, 7th of June 2001

Complete original German text here

The role played by science during the Nazi dictatorship is one of the many chapters of Germany`s past that remains insufficiently unveiled up to the present day. (..) Therefore, this symposium is part of the Max Planck Society`s effort to unreservely reveal all the facts about ist history by means of historical research, thereby shedding light upon the dark chapters ot ist own past. We must be prepared als well – no matter how painful it may be, and even precisely because it hurts, to accept the truth and face up to our responsability to learn for the present and the future from insight into the past. (...) The unadulterated, historically documented knowledge of the crimes committed back then cannot be avoided.

Taking possession of an inheritance, however, means accepting responsability for everything, both the positive – in particular the great scientific tradition of individuals like Adolf von Harnack, Albert Einstein, Lise Meitner, Max von Laue or Max Planck – and the negative, which means admitting guilt.

Dealing with historical responsability requires from us Germans a high degree of sensitivity. Even though most of us today cannot be held personally responsible since we were born later, it remains the task of todady`s and all future generations to look the historical truth in the eye. When doing so, we must insure that guilt and responsability do not degenerate into empty words of politically correct rhetoric by either demanding or giving confessions in an abstract manner so lacking in specific references to deeds and perpetrators that, to make up for it, they are given even stronger moral impetus.

Because we think of science as one of mankind`s greatest achivements – an rightfully so – we ought to shudder at the thought of scientifically jusified practice of human extermination even more than at all other forms of torturous degradation and deprivation of a fellow human being`s rights. For there is no crime worse than highly intelligent people with sound minds, cold hearts and dead consciences with absolutely no compassion mistreating other people and killing them while professing to be contributing to the search for scientific knowledge. Criminal acts of this kind are an inextinguishable shame, not only for those who perpetrated them, but also for those, who tolerated them, and in fact, for the life science themselves, in the name of which they were committed, and shame of this kind will continue to live as long as one remembers it.

What lessons and consequences can we draw form all this today?

(..) The boundaries of freedom in science are delineated by the inalienable rights and inviolable dignity of human beings. (...)

A sincere admission of our historical responsability must be expressed clearly, but it must equally include clear differentiation. In retrospect, I see three levels of guilt:

1.      The guilt of German scientists:

At the time, Germany was in the bal forefront of many fields of science. The work done by the commission has made evident that even leading-edge research is not invulnerable to moral abysses. What took place then in the name of science for the purpose of promoting racism and allegedly „eugenic“ human expurgation were crimes that will forever weigh heavily on German science.

2.      The guilt of life scientists:

National Socialism`s entire body of racist thought is an expression of a materialistic, Social Darwinistic dehumanized form of biology, for which Charles Darwin himself, however, in contrast to his racist disciples, cannot be held responsable. For certain, the roots of this body of ideas were planted before 1933 and were even international and not just confined to Germany. But, here in Germany, doctors and biologists, having accepted that man descended form animals, went one step further: to treating human beings like animals. The guilt for utilizing human beings as laboratory animals can be spesifically placed on biomedical science that was robbed of every moral boundary, a science whose racist theories do indeed not deserve to be called „scientific“, but which cannot deny that it is also to blame for the terrible consequences to which they led.

3.      The guilt of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society:

As I already outlined at the beginning, the Max Planck Society was intentionally founded after the war to be a new organization in order to enable science to have a fresh start in a new, democratic Germay. However, due to the fact that the Max Planck Society sees itself as the Kaiser Wilhelm Society`s „heir“, it has the obligation to admit its guilt as well. The Kaiser Wilhelm Society tolerated or even promoted within its ranks research which was not to be justified for any ethical or moral reason. Thus, it placed itself – at least in a number of areas – in the service of a criminal regime, thereby taking upon itself the moral guilt for assisting in such crimes.

By confessing this three-fold historical responsability, I, as a German scientist, and President of the Max Planck Society, am fulfilling the obligation that has been placed upon us by the past. Therefore, I whish to apologize for the suffering inflicted upon the victims of these crimes in the name of science – to those who perished and have since passed away and to the ones who have survived.

I do not make such an apology lightly. Though many people today are quite quick to think of demanding an apology and then give immediate expression to their thoughts if one is to truly mean what is expressed by the English phrase „excuse me“, namely the „removal of guilt“, then one cannot remain silent concerning one`s doubts. Most people apologize by saying „Excuse me“, or „I`m sorry“, when they offered someone, say something wrong, or – either literally or figuratively – step one someone`s toes. But can a perpetrator of heinous crimes against humanity really make an apology? Certainly, he can if he feels sincere remorse for his deeds. However, can another person feel that remorse in the offender`s place, especially if the one woh committed the crime perhaps felt none at all? Is there no such things as an injustice so inexcusable that any apology seems to be shedding responsability? As I stand here and apologize both personally and on behalf of the Max Planck Society, I am referring to the sincere expression of deepest regret, compassion, and shame at the fact that crimes of this sort were committed, promoted, and not prevented within the ranks of German scientists.

There is something else I must add. The members of later generations may not be able to be held personally responsible for the events that took place back then, but they carry the responsability for exposing and shedding light on the historical truth as a precondition for honest remembrance and learning. The fact that, for a long time, this did not take place to the desired extent within the Max Planck Society, is for certain only partially due to classified documents having remained in the archives. It is certainly due to a lack of willingness on the part of some accessories or even accomplices inside and outside the Max Planck Society to face up to their historical responsability. The Max Planck Society must also admit its fault in this area, for which I offer a very special apology, for it dit not happen under the constrains of dictatorship, but in a free society which expressly garantees and encourages freedom of research.

An admission of guilt is only concrete and complete once it has been spoken directly to those who have been injured, the ill-treated victims who suffered all these unimaginable atrocities with their very own minds and bodies. Therefore, both personally and on behalf of the Max Planck Society, allow me to express my deepest regrets to you, Mrs. Kor, to you, Mrs. Laks, and to the other victims in attendance, for today you are representing, in a sence the victims in their entirety. I am very sorry.

It is a painful way to meet the past when one personally stands face to face with the victims of those crimes. At the same time, we feel growing in us a most enduring dedication to continue making every effort to unreservely elucidate what happened back then, and it serves as a most permanent admonition to preserve the memory of it and, by teaching from what we remember, to learn together with others. Though truth does not set one free from guilt and shame, it releases one from repression and lying, and opens the door to a future that can learn from the past.

The most honest form of apology is therefore exposing guilt; for scientists, this ought to be perhaps the most appropriate form of apology. In actuality, the perpetrator is the only one who can ask for forgiveness. Nevertheless, I beg you, the surviving victims, from the bottom of my heart to forgive those who, no matter what their reasons, failed to ask you themselves.

Photo here


To Her Excellency, the Secretary of State
of the United States of America,
Mrs Madeleine Albright

To the Undersecretary of Treasury
and US-head of the delegation
for the compensation of forced labourers
during the NS-regime,
Mr. Stuart Eizenstat

Resolution of the student parliament
of the Humboldt University in Berlin,
October 25th, 1999

The student parliament of the Humboldt University welcomes the initiative and effort of the United States of America to achieve compensation regulations for forced labourers during the NS-regime on the part of the German industry soon. Unfortunately, the settlement plan of the Berlin University between 1940 and 1944 scheduled forced labour for 300 000 racially unwelcomed people. "Generalplan Ost" considered at least 25 million Central Europeans as "not being able to get germanized". Therefore, they were supposed to be deported in areas of starvation. The student parliament regrets that the sentence of the "Volkstumsprozeß" N° VIII from March 10th, 1948 of the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg did not contain a documentary of the planned and realized forced labour. It also regrets, that the reservations of the allies towards a legal investigation and punishment of the academic genocide planning was prescribed by law (part I, article 3, paragraph 3b of the "transition contract" (Überleitungsvertrag) from March 30th, 1955).

The student paliament of the Humboldt University asks the US-State Department respectively the US-head of the delegation, Undersecretary Eizenstat to publish an official declaration ("declaration of interest") in favor of an immediate analysis relating to international law and a coherent documentary of "Generalplan Ost" from May 28th, 1942 and the "Generalsiedlungsplan" dating fall 1942 as well as for an inspection of records at the US-State Department and procurement of suitable scientific US- cooperation partners.


The Nuernberg judgement of March 10, 1948, case VIII

Konrad Meyer-Hetling was chief of the planing office within the Staff Main Office. During his entire period of service in this position he was a part time worker only, still retaining a professorship at the Univertity of Berlin. Meyer-Hetling is a scientist of considerable world renown - an agricultural expert.

The prosecution´s case rests principallys upon the "General Plan East", a survey and proposed plan for the "reconstruction of the East", prepared by Meyer-Hetling at Himmler´s request and submitted to Himmler on 28 May 1942. It is the contention of the prosecution that this plan formed the basis for the measures taken in the incorporated Eastern territories and other occupied territories.

A consideration of Genral Plan East, as well as correspondence dealing with this plan, reveals nothing of an incriminatory nature. This plan, as contended by the defendant, envisaged the orderly reconstruction of the East - and particularly village and country- after the war. The plan plainly states, "According to plan, the archievement of five years each, totally 25 years." There is nothing in the plan concerning evacuations and other drastic measures which were actually adopted and carried out in the Germanization program. As a matter of fact, it is made quite plain by evidence, as the defendant contended, that this General Plan East was never adopted and no effort was made to carry out it s proposals. Actually, Himmler, instead of an orderly reconstruction, decided upon and pursued a drastic plan which in all it s cruel aspects sought the reconversion of the East into a Germanic stronghold practically overnight. Of course, Meyer-Hetling is not responsible for the measures which he did not suggest.

Simply by virtue of his position as chief of planing, the prosecution would have the Tribunal assume that Meyer-Hetling was the person responsible for all planning and, consequently, the drastic actions taken must have had their origin in his planning. The difficulty with such an assumption it that there is no proof to support it. He is charged, for instance, with such criminal activities as kidnapping alien children, abortions on Eastern workers, and hampering the reproduction of enemy nationals.

Upon the evidence submitted, the defendant Meyer-Hetling is found not guilty on account one and two of the indictment.

Count Three

The Tribunal finds tha the defendant Meyer-Hetling was a member of a criminal organization, that is, the SS, under the conditions defined and specified by the judgement of the International Military Tribunal, and he is, therefore, guilty under count three of the indictment.

Sentence

Konrad Meyer-Hetling, Military Tribunal I has found and adjudged you guilty of membership in an organization declared criminal by the judgement of the International Military Tribunal, as charged under the indictment herefore filed against you.

For your said crimes on which you have been and now stand convicted, Military Tribunal I is of the opinion that the time you have already spent in confinement pending trial, namely since 27 May 1945, is sufficient punishment for this offense. It is the order of the Tribunal that you shall be discharged from custody by the marshal when the Tribunal presently adjourns.

Source: Trials of War before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals, "The RusHA Case"..., Volume IV, Washington 1950, S. 150 ff.


Exhibition project
"From the Nobel Prize to the GENERAL PLAN EAST":

(Agricultural) Science in Germany between scientific-technical progress and genocidal eastern settlement planning from 1880 until 1945. Research and exhibition project on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the publication of the GENERAL PLAN EAST. A studential initiative of variour subjects (agriculture, history, jurisprudence, ...).


Special unit: Ethics and Science

Unit one:

Scientific-Technical Progress in German Agriculture between 1880 and 1935/45. Short introduction of the agricultural faculties in Kiel, Rostock, Jena, Halle, Göttingen, Gießen, Bonn, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Weihenstephan, Berlin, including the mentioning of the most important achievements and innovations (Eduard Buchner, Agricultural University Berlin: Nobel Prize 1907)

Unit two:

The Process of the Taking Over of Power from 1930 until 1935/39. Development of values and male ideals during the times of the German Emperor and the Weimar Republic / Nutritional political effects of the first world war / Educational taking over of power and forcing into line in 1932/33 / New examination regulations and establishing of a RESEARCH SERVICE as an organisational compulsory voice of German agricultural science / Establishing of the Reichsnährstand, the Quarter Plan 1935/36

Unit three:

Biography Research about Victims (Political and Racial), and Persons of all Status Groups active in Resistance in all German Agricultural Faculties, especially Berlin. (Emigrants: Karl Brandt, Fritz Baade, Siegfried v. Ciriacy-Wantrup, Hans Wilbrandt; others: Friedrich Aereboe, Ludwig Armbruster, Fanny Du Bois Remond, Arthur Hanau, Erich Barth, Otto Lemmermann, Frau Schiemann, Max Sering, Hans Helmut Wundsch, Fritz Windisch ...)

Unit four:

Important Buildings and Institutions in the old German Reich Capital of Berlin. Haus der Bauernbewegung / Reichsnährstand (Stabsamt: Tiergartenstrasse) / Vierjahresplanbehörde Halensee, Kurfürstendamm 142/143 / Reichsminsterium für die besetzten Ostgebiete / Planungsamt des Reichskommissariats für die Festigung des dt. Volkstums, Podbielskiallee 25/27 / Institut für Agrarwesen und Agrarpolitik, Im Dol 27/29 / Arbeitswissenschaftl. Institut der Dt. Areitsfront / Reichsamt für Agrarpolitik der NSDAP

Unit five:

The Scientific Eastern Settlement Planning, using the example of the "Generalplan Ost" of May/June 1942. Introduction, 64 original pages with brief commentary / Plan and effects for Russia and the Baltic States using the example of the siege of Leningrad / Plan and effect for Poland: 28 "settlement bases", punctual realisation in Zarnocz, District Lublin / General proceeding using the example of "Aktion Tannenberg" and German solidarity and resistance on the occasion of the closing of the University of Krakow 1939.

Unit six:

Agricultural Ideology and the Analysis of the Myth "A People without Space": Migration and settlement in the middle ages and modern times: historic retrospective / The nationalistic movement, Racism, and Anti urbanism / Hans Grimm and the bestseller "A People without Space" / The garden plot and settlement movement at the change of the century / NS: nihilistic production pessimism versus real productivity development / The temptation of rational modernization and a change of structure by west-east transformation and genocide planning / Analysis of the first NS agricultural textbooks for universities (Schürmann: Deutsche Agrarpolitik. Berlin 1941) and publications of the RESEARCH SERVICE.

Unit seven:

The Colonial Office of the NSDAP in Berlin-Grunewald History of German colonialism / Plans and Drafts for Central Africa 1940-1942 / Preparation of a solid post-colonialism debate / The mental heritage of colonialism (and national socialism): Handling superiority and inferiority

Unit eight:

The Reichsministry for Nutrition and Agriculture, Wilhelmstr. 72, Historical introduction: The relationship between agriculture and politics;

Excursion: "Hamsterfahrt aufs Land" - slide show about the historical starvation years of Berlin 1945 to 1950.

Unit nine:

Judaism and Agriculture

Unit ten:

The Physical, Psychological, and Moral Consequences of the "Generalplan Ost"

Unit eleven:

Science in the Conflict Area between Liberalism and Totalitarianism: The achievements and fates of liberal agricultural economists and natural scientists using the example of the Timirjasev Academy in Moscow during the 1920's and 1930's (people around Tschajanow, partly published in German, 10 to 15 scientists)

Unit twelve:

Jewish Life in the Polish, formerly German, Eastern Provinces of Pommern, Schlesien, Western Prussia, and Eastern Prussia


Brief comment on the outline of
"From the Nobel Prize to the Generalplan Ost
(general plan East)"

The research project transforms and defines the question of basic values and responsibility on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the German Constitution and the move of the German government to Berlin on a university level. The key word "Nobel Prize" in the headline contradicts a look at history that had a negative association during National Socialism, and points out the success and high level of achievement in Germany as a scientific location, especially Berlin. The tragedy of the "Wannsee conference" of 20 January 1942 on the "final solution to the European Jewish problem" whose participants were mainly academics, is widely known by now. Hardly known at all, on the other hand, is the "Generalplan Ost" which was issued four months later on 28 May 1942 by an agricultural institute of the Berlin University. At least 25 Million Eastern Europeans were considered unwanted due to their race, and were intended to face hard labor or starvation. The "scientific" genocide in store for more than ten Million Eastern Europeans in the face of the eastern settlement plan was carried out over several years under high financial research priority. That historical reflection of this "Generalplan Ost" was made late, was due to the severity of the topic, and the macro-economic loss of significance of the agricultural sector. Crucial was the half-hearted treatment of the "Generalplan Ost" during the Nuremberg trials 1947/48, and the acquittal of the mainly responsible scientist due to the ally's political interest in power. A punishment under international law and documentation basically did not happen. At the same time, the way German science looked at itself was negatively influenced, implying a loss of responsibility. This serious way of dealing with post-war matters will be examined closely in the special unit "Ethics and Science". This could lead to a basic commitment to an active state under the rule of law and a personal responsibility of each and every one.

For the first main field of Law (National Law), support and co-operation with the State Department and suitable Think Tanks in the United States is indispensable. In the field of History, a co-operation with those countries affected by the "Generalplan Ost", namely France, Slovenia, the Tchech Republic, Poland, and Russia is obvious and recommendable, also in the view of renewing and intensifying friendly relations. The field of Agriculture is the basis as primary sector, and especially the analysis of the national socialistic agricultural ideology demands comprehensive and complete research. The section Biography should be carried out fast, and should make views of first conclusions transparent for the International Agricultural Economists Conference in Berlin in August of 2000. Apart from racial and political victims, biographies of resistance fighters and other positively influential people should be introduced which show temptation, resistance, and rejection in a historical context. A positive research of mentality seems especially rewarding in the field of "Agriculture and Judaism". Apart from legal aspects, there is the opportunity to picture Jewish life in the agriculture of Germany since 1800 or rather the analysis of the Zionistic built up of Palestine during the pioneer phase from 1880 until 1948. Units 11 and 12 demand a sensible bilateral co-operation with research facilities in Poland and Moscow (Timirjasev-Academy), and require their active interest in the subject.

The scientific eastern settlement plan was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Association) from 1940/41 until 1944/45 with approx. 5 Million Deutschmarks. Moral as well as financial support can surely be expected from the U.S. State Department. The research units about the "Kolonialpolitisches Amt der NSDAP" (colonial political office of the NSDAP) and the former Department of Nutrition and Agriculture in Berlin could obviously be financially supported by the two departments remaining in Bonn, the Department of Economic Co-operation and the Department of Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. Financially unstable co-operation partners in Central and Eastern Europe and the possible printing of a CD-ROM with the title "Agriculture in the times of National Socialism" for pedagogical museums and commemorative places make the high total cost of three Million Deutschmarks appropriate.


 

To the Secretary of State Berlin, May 9th, 1999
Mrs Madeleine Albright
Washington D.C.

Request for Moral and Financial Support
for the Clarification of Academic Genocide Planning
("General Plan East"; 1939 - 44)

 

Dear Mrs Albright,

  1. First of all, I am happy to be able to express to you my great gratitute and respect concerning the organisation and management of the conference on questions of indemnifications at the end of November 1998 in Washington D.C. Not only museums on the territory of the former GDR, but also some other European and Non-European countries have still not returned confiscated and stolen possesssions. I am sure that an international forum was necessary and important to coordinate the complicated matters of detail. Thus, the strong national leadership of the United States has dealt with difficult moral questions and realizations in an exemplarily manner. Once again, thank you for your help and commitment!

  2. Academic Eastern Settlement Planning as Planned Genocide by the University 1939- 1944.

    Because of the continental embargo during World War I, there were, especially in the winter of 1916/1917, great supply problems and starvation in Germany. After Hitler`s assumption of power, this existential experience lead, in connection with the nihilistic pessimism of the National Socialists, to a demand for a new settlement area and "living space in the East". In the middle of the thirties the new special field "environmental planning" emerged. In 1939, Heinrich Himmler, head of the "protection squadron" and "imperial commissioner for the strengthening of the German nation", appointed Konrad Meyer chief of the planning office within the Staff Main Office. Professor PhD K. Meyer was the director of the institute of agricultural policy at the University of Berlin. Between 1940 and 1943 several versions of General Plan East came into being through the preparatory work and cooperation of German lawyers, doctors of medicine, anthropologists, geologists and environmental planners. Most of the Poles and Russians were considered to be racially unwelcomed. This circle of at least 25-30 million people was supposed to be used for forced labor or to be deported to areas of starvation. Through the "resettlement" of more than 100,000 Polish civilians and through the complete distruction of several villages, the building of one of the 36 planned "settlement bases" was pushed especially in the Polish district of Lublin. The urban population of Leningrade was suppossed to be "reduced" from 3,2 million Soviet civilians (1939) to 200,000 German urban inhabitants. During the German occupation from 1939 to 1945, about 20,000 to 40,000 civilians were killed in the intended new settlement areas, assuming two per thousand of the civil victims in causal connection with General Plan East.

  3. The "Volkstumsprozess" No. VIII, at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg 1947/48 and its Tragic Effects on the Present German Understanding of Research

    In the Nuremberg Trials of 1947/48 the work of the "Imperial Commissionership for the Strengthening of the German Nation" was investigated and the chief of the planning office was accused. Surprisingly, he was found not guilty on count one and two of the indictment: "crimes against humanity" and "war crimes". Mrs PhD Mechthild Rössler explains in the enclosed essay "Konrad Meyer and General Plan East in the Assessment of the Nuremberg Trials" (Schleiermacher (ed.): Der Generalplan Ost. Berlin: Akademie - Verlag, 1993.): "The whole memorandum was not presented. The accusation claimed erroneously that it was not available. Several years later it was placed at disposal and published by the American archieves of the Poles. " Concerning the self-image of German research, she comes to this momentous conclusion: "When in 1945/48 the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg assessed the German territory planning of the Third Reich, two seperations were made that have drastic effects on the present understanding of research:

    1. Academic activities were split off from the political environment of the researcher and from the institutions and organisations he worked for.

    2. Research and its results were seperated from their political application, for which the researcher had no responsibility any more."

    It seems that the deliberate withholding of the 64 pages long version of General Plan East mainly goes back to American influences. The main motivation for this had domestic reasons: to avoid a moral loss of prestige concerning German research in order to transfer 600 rocket researchers (Wernher v. Braun a.o.) to Amerika without any problems.

  4. Urgend Research Proposal to "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" and to the US-Embassy in Bonn by Personal Supporting Letters, Faxes, E-Mails and Telephone-Calls at the End of May 1999.

    In May 1999 the German Basic Law will be 50 years old. Especially within the scope of the removal of the German government to Berlin a great discussion about values and responsibility will take place. I am convinced of the importance of local research in our personal day-to-day life, i.e. we must attain knowledge and do research: What happened in those days in my extended family, in my residential area and especially at my job and my special field? In which way were opportunism, collaboration and resistance expressed in my special field in the then zeitgeist. And of course: Are the facts carefully documented, were wrong senctences repealed?

    For almost seven years I have been trying to get a coherent documentation of this period of time at the faculty of agronomy at the Humboldt University in Berlin. I am a freelancer, work at my own expense and receive no payment for my work. (The table of contents of my publication on General Plan East from 1997 is enclosed in this letter.) An obstacle of my work is the fact that professors are included in the German civil service maschinery, which garanties them a permanent job. As a result of this, there is little stimulation and competition for independant and critical research. Another, more important reason is the Nuremberg sentence of 1948, which seems to be "very comfortable" for professors: To a great extent there is no social and ethnic responsility anymore!! The only thing professors need to care about is their amount of publications and the receipt of new research support! So far I have received little academic support because of formal reasons (no letterhead of the university) but also because of reasons concearning the content (it is an "uncomfortable" topic).

    The German research association "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" in Bonn supported the academic eastern settlement planning with at least five million DM. Thus, I would now, during the month of May, like to call on the historic responsibility of this institution and apply for modest 50% of the then financial support, that is 2,5 million DM. The research concept that emerged in the meantime is demanding and includes for the first time an analysis relating to international law as well as historic aspects from several fields of study.

    In May the "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" will receive hundrets of short, personal approvals in the form of letters, faxes, e-mails or telephone calls. Probably there will be mostly students and non-academics who will ask kindly but strongly for the granting of the funds for the research project. From May 23 to May 28 (57th anniversary of the publication of General Plan East at the University of Berlin) there could be a demonstration of long duration in front of the building of the "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" and the US - embassy in Bonn.

  5. Request for Moral and Financial Support to Secretary of State, Mrs Madeleine Albright Via the US- Embassy in Bonn.

    Last fall I asked the district court of Berlin, whether the then academic planning corresponds to the statutory offense of genocide. Mr. Priestoph, senior public prosecuter at the district attorney`s office of the district court of Berlin, answered and confirmed on the 15th of December the legal influence of the allies as follows: "Those who had joint responsibility could not be pursued at a later point of time by the German federal law, because of the reservations of the allies. (part I, article 3, paragraph 3b of the so called "Überleitungsvertrag" from March 30, 1955). " Therefore, it seems that a first assessment of General Plan East relating to international law is hardly possible without the agreement of the United States of America because of the legal fixing in 1955.

    This is not about a first historic documentation of academic genocide planning, but about essential democratic basic values such as freedom, rule of law, responsibility and its embodiment in German research. In 1948 Germany was severely destroyed and had little will and power to go honestly into the content of the Nuremburg Trials. Now, we have fortunately freedom and prosperity. Time is overripe and running short to investigate these aspects of the Nuremberg Trials and to rebuild the great democratic values and personal responsibility for the sake of German research. To avoid a long discussion and empty words I would like to ask the State Department to support the planned research project with US$ 100.000 in order to make the democratic basic values of the new Berlin Republic safe. This would be a great and effective incentive for the "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" and for the whole German research to go seriously and consequently into guilt and responsibility. For exactly 50 years, your institution initiated the successfull recovery of Europe by enacting the Marshall-Plan and it was useful, helpful and good. Now, for the purposes of the Washington conference in December 1998, immaterial and moral deficits are at stake, which are barely visible, but which have a great influence.

    Being a German melancholic I appreciate the American mentality, which is characterized by openess, friendship, optimism and making compliments, a lot. As a Berliner, I would like to thank you for your efforts to keep the freedom of the city during the bloccade in 1948/49. Concerning the research project, I still believe in American justice, freedom and transparency that meens self-correcting of own mistakes.

We still need your help and your example of responsibility and transparency.

Sincerely,


December 10, 1999
Public Letter

Engineer of Agriculture
Matthias Burchard, Berlin
GeneralplanEast@netscape.net

To the Department of the Treasury,
The Undersecretary and US-head of the delegation
for the compensation of forced laborer during NS-regime,
Mr. Stuart Eizenstat

Non-documentation of "Genocide and Forced-Labor Planning" undertaken by Nazis at Berlin University during World War II.

Dear Mr. Eizenstat,

attached you will find the press declaration concerning scientific genocide planning at Berlin University and the lack of documentation by Germany and the United States and allies of World War II. In May and November this year, I wrote to the State Department without getting an answer. As a volonteer non-paid member of Berlin University Agriculture faculty, I will not give rest until there is complete transparency and coherent documentation of Nazi activities undertaken by the scientific community during World War II. German professors are timid and seem to have "blackouts" when asked to remember the "General Plan East". It seems, that the Nuernberg Judgement of March 1948 has had a tragic influence on German scientific community and it´s relationship to society (separation and isolation from politics and society, they feel no responsibility for application).

In the Nuernberg Tribunal, the main part of General Plan East with the details (60 pages) was held back and only four pages of conclusions where put on the table and admitted to. More than 99% of the Polish people were classified as "not being able to be germanized". The population of Leningrad should be "reduced" to 200,000 German citizens within 25 years (as compared to 1939 population of 3,200,000 million). More than ten times, forced labor is mentioned for people of other races and nations in the General Plan East. In the judgement of 10/03/1948 these facts were found as "nothing of an incriminatory nature". Do you still agree to this judgement?

Please understand, that I don´t want any money, but I only want to see a declaration of interest, from the United States supporting the complete documentation of the "General Plan East" (for details of this see homepage http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~gplanost/ )

Button in English) This official declaration would immediately authorize some million marks from the German Science Association in Bonn for the proposed Exhibition and Research project "From the Nobel Prize to the General Plan East".

It seems, that the Nuernberg Judgement was not entirely related to the historic truth and did not acknowledge the planned and actual forced labor during NS-time. The declaration of interest from the United States of America, a world leader and moral nation, is the key to bring this issue to light and eventuel closure in Germany.


Press Declaration

December 10, 1999

 

Documentation of academic genocide planning
twice hold back from the U.S.

The space- and settlement planing of Berlin University in 1940-1943 scheduled genocide and forced labor for more than 25 millions non-German civilians. In the Nuernberg judgement of 1948, these facts were found as "nothing of an incriminatoral nature".

Resolution of the student parliament of the Humboldt University in Berlin, 10/25/1999

To Her Excellency,
the Secretary of State of the United States of America,
Mrs Madeleine Albright

To the Undersecretary of Treasury and US-head
of the delegation for the compensation of
forced labourers during the NS-regime,
Mr. Stuart Eizenstat

The student parliament of the Humboldt University welcomes the initiative and effort of the United States of America to achieve compensation regulations for forced labourers during the NS-regime on the part of the German industry soon. Unfortunately, the settlement plan of the Berlin University between 1940 and 1944 scheduled forced labour for 300 000 racially unwelcomed people. "Generalplan Ost" considered at least 25 million Central Europeans as "not being able to get germanized". Therefore, they were supposed to be deported in areas of starvation. The student parliament regrets that the sentence of the "Volkstumsprozeß" N° VIII from March 10th, 1948 of the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg did not contain a documentary of the planned and realized forced labour. It also regrets, that the reservations of the allies towards a legal investigation and punishment of the academic genocide planning was prescribed by law (part I, article 3, paragraph 3b of the "transition contract" (Überleitungsvertrag) from March 30th, 1955).

The student paliament of the Humboldt University asks the US-State Department respectively the US-head of the delegation, Undersecretary Eizenstat to publish an official declaration ("declaration of interest") in favor of an immediate analysis relating to international law and a coherent documentary of "Generalplan Ost" from May 28th, 1942 and the "Generalsiedlungsplan" dating fall 1942 as well as for an inspection of records at the US-State Department and procurement of suitable scientific US- cooperation partners.  

More information on the homepage http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~gplanost/ (button in English: Nuernberg judgement of 03/10/1948, Exhibition and Research project "From the Nobelprize to the General Plan East", Letter to Mrs. M. Albright, May 99, and letter to Mr. Stuart Eizenstat, Nov. 1999. Help is needed and welcome to translate the original "General Plan East", about forty pages, into English.